Anti-Tip Brackets for Freestanding Ranges
A person can confirm the presence of anti-tip brackets through the following methods:
It may be possible to see a wall-mounted bracket by looking over the rear of the range. Floor-mounted brackets are often hidden, although in some models with removable drawers, such as 30″ electric ranges made by General Electric, the drawers can be removed and a flashlight can be used to search for the bracket. A person should beware that a visual confirmation does not guarantee that the bracket has been properly installed.
One can firmly grip the upper-rear section of the range and tip the unit. If equipped with an anti-tip bracket, the unit will not tip more than several inches before coming to a halt. The range should be turned off, and all items should be removed from the stovetop before this action can be performed. It is usually easier to detect a bracket by tipping the range than through a visual search. This test can be performed on all models and it can confirm the functionality of a bracket.
If no anti-tip bracket is detected, it is recommend that one be installed. If you wish to install a bracket yourself, the part can be purchased at most hardware stores or ordered from a manufacturer. General Electric will send their customers an anti-tip bracket for free.
According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), there were 143 incidents caused by range tip-overs from 1980 to 2006. Of the 33 incidents that resulted in death, most of those victims were children. A small child may stand on an open range door in order to see what is cooking on the stovetop and accidentally cause the entire unit to fall on top of him, along with whatever hot items may have been cooking on the stovetop. The elderly, too, may be injured while using the range for support while cleaning.
In response to this danger, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and Underwriters Laboratories (UL) created standards in 1991 that require all ranges manufactured after that year to be capable of remaining stable while supporting 250 pounds of weight on their open doors. Manufacturers’ instructions, too, require that anti-tip brackets provided be installed. Despite these warnings, retailer Sears estimated in 1999 that a mere 5% of the gas and electric units they sold were ever equipped with anti-tip brackets. As a result of Sears’ failure to comply with safety regulations, they were sued and subsequently required to secure ranges in nearly 4 million homes, a measure that has been speculated to have cost Sears as much as $500 million.
In summary, ranges are susceptible to tipping if they are not equipped with anti-tip brackets.
Gas Fuelled Clothes Dryer Vents
When a professional heating technician inspects and cleans a dryer vent, they can also verify that the correct type of duct is in use. The thin, plastic flexible type vent material joining from the dyer to the exterior walls vent cover should be replaced with 4 inch rigid smooth metal duct because it is non-flammable unlike the plastic flexible type.
Annual dryer exhaust vent/duct inspections are more necessary than ever before due to the complex construction of homes built today. Newer homes tend to have dryers located away from an outside wall in bathrooms, kitchens and in hall closets, which is convenient but potentially dangerous from a safety standpoint. These new locations mean that dryers tend to be venting longer distances and vents aregenerally installed with more bends to accommodate the extended path they must take through the home. As a result, dryer ducts are harder to access and this additional length creates more places where lint can collect and animals/birds can hide. A professional heating technician during their inspection of the vent duct can verify the present condition such as:
- Lint and/or debris within straight or elbow sections of the vent.
- Any leaks at vent pipe joints (causing leakage of moisture, lint, debris, carbon monoxide, etc).
- Broken, missing and/or disconnected vent pipes.
- Damaged or deteriorated exterior vent cover.
- Crushed duct material.
All dryer vent duct materials and installation needs to be performed by a professional heating contractor in order to be assured that the correct materials are used and installed according to today’s building practices and codes (CSA Standards B149.1HB-00 Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code Handbook). Within the Code handbook, it states that the installation requirements for clothes dryers are intended to ensure the use of suitable moisture exhaust ducts that are properly terminated and the provisions of safe clearances to combustible materials. The following is a few installation requirements for domestic clothes dryers:
- Metal exhaust ducts or flexible plastic moisture exhaust ducts may be used provided they are certified.
- Ducts may not be connected using screws since dust and lint may catch on the protruding screws and eventually plug the duct.
- Moisture exhaust dusts must not terminate near service regulators since the moisture in the exhaust air stream can condense and freeze on the service regulator in cold weather thereby impairing its performance.
- Moisture exhaust ducts must also not terminate near fresh air intakes since this would contaminate the incoming air stream.
What does the home inspection include?
- Main structure
- Primary parking structure
- Garage door and opener
- Exterior structural components
- Roof and attic
- Floors, walls, ceilings, widows and doors.
- Plumbing system
- Electrical system
- Heating system
- Air conditioning system
- Basement/crawl space
- Eavestrough and drainage
- Porches, decks and balconies
- Site visual of property grade and drainage